In botany, a fruit tree is the fruit-bearing structure at the base of flowering plants which consists of a single ovule that forms in the center of a receptacle that contains numerous seeds. Flowers usually bloom on a flowering plant two times per year and fruits are generally harvested when they have flowered and passed the stage of viability. Although, some prefer to harvest fruits right after they bloom. There are many types of flowering and fruit trees such as mango, papaya, pineapple, kiwi and plumeria.
In order to harvest a fruit, it must be pollinated by a male bee with a pollen capsule attached. Male bees are called honey bees and can be found anywhere fruits or flowers are located. Honey bees use their proboscis to suck nectar from the flower or fruit and deposit it inside the pollen capsule. The proboscis is retractable and is usually covered with a sticky waxy substance so that the bee may make it easier to place the pollen capsule into the hole in the flower or fruit. To assure themselves that the suction is effective, some bees produce a kind of alarm pheromone. If the bee attempts to remove the pollen from another flower or fruit, they will immediately exit the flower or fruit.
Once the pollen has been deposited into the correct receptacle, the female bee will lay an egg. This egg will contain the necessary materials for reproduction including both the seeds for future fruit production and the ovaries. Ovaries are present on both sides of the follicle where the thin black thread that connects them is visible. After the eggs have been laid, the females have to go through a process where they will deposit the developing seeds inside a small pouch on the outside of the fruit.
These seeds will begin to develop until it reaches a point where the developing seed begins to sprout. As it grows, the seeds will push against the ovum or gland in the fruit where pollen grains will form. The process of pollination is completed when the mature fruit begins to drop from the body. When this happens, the female bee will collect all of the seeds and transfer them into a small pouch on the outside of the fruit where it will begin the process again.
All of these processes take place just a few hours after the female sex cells reach maturity. Once the process has completed, the remaining ovules will be released from the follicle. The remaining seed will continue to reproduce itself until it is dispersed throughout the entire plant. This is why some fruits will appear completely furnished with seeds the next day while other fruits will remain without any seeds at all.
In the early days of fruit farming, the cultivation of fruit trees was an arduous and labor-intensive process. Today, there are many new techniques for cultivating fruits that have greatly reduced the amount of labor required. In fact, there are now new machines called harvesters that are highly sophisticated robotic devices that can harvest many fruits per day. Harvesting techniques have also significantly improved. This is why it is so important for a fruit grower to be sure that his or her cited needs are met and that all other requirements of the fruit plantation are met.
Pests and Disease
It is also important to be on the lookout for pests and diseases. Fruits are subjected to a variety of pests and diseases by insects and fungus, such as black spots, leaf spot, caterpillars, white-flies, leafhoppers, scale and root rots. Some of these types of pests and diseases may harm the ripening fruits or even kill them. As a result, you must always check your plants for any signs of damage from pests or diseases.
Proper irrigation is absolutely necessary for fruit production, because without proper irrigation, the fruit crops may not ripen properly. This leads to poor crop yields and to reduced profit margin for your orchards. Irrigation techniques include surface-watering, sprinkler systems and drip systems. A healthy and well-irrigated orchard can make great fruit crops every year.
Pesticides and Chemicals
Irrigation systems, including the use of chemicals, are also used to increase yield levels and protect the crops against pests. Some farmers prefer to use chemicals in their orchards, but others do not want to use these pesticides. If you do decide to use chemicals, however, you should discuss your options with a local extension office in your area. They can help you understand the pros and cons of chemical applications and determine whether they are the best option for your particular orchard.